Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Being Homeless Is Even More Complicated When You're Autistic and LGBT

Make yourself at home Castro #lgbt #worldhomelessactionday #ows #occupysf #oo #osf
World Homeless Day in San Francisco's Castro District
Photo © Steve Rhodes

[image: Black banner with white lettering reading, "Make
Yourself At Home" draped from a second-story window,
next to a LGBT Pride flag.]
Kris Guin

Homelessness is not discussed as much as it needs to be, especially as it relates to marginalized groups like the LGBTQ and disability communities.

LGBTQ people and people with disabilities are disproportionately impacted by homelessness. 40% of homeless youth identify as LGBTQ, and 40% of people with disabilities are homeless. LGBTQ people and people with disabilities often become homeless because of skyrocketing rent, unsupportive families who have kicked them out of the family home, and discrimination from landlords—among many other reasons.

Some cities are getting better at addressing LGBTQ youth homelessness by funding LGBTQ housing programs, and some people with disabilities may qualify for housing assistance through Housing and Urban Development. However, with all this progress, the housing system still needs a lot of work as many people still experience significant gaps. Some of these gaps are the result of age restrictions, confusing bureaucracy, and long waiting lists.

I was one of those people who experienced gaps in the Washington, DC and Birmingham, Alabama housing systems. I am an autistic transgender man, and my parents kicked me out of the house in late September 2016. While I was in Birmingham, I tried accessing housing services with a local LGBTQ nonprofit, but their services were only for young adults up to age 24 (I was 26).

Because I have an amazing support system, I was able to move to Washington, DC. But there I experienced similar difficulties with the LGBTQ housing system, because I was too old. I was able to piece together four months' worth of housing with friends, though, as an autistic person doing so was exhausting and draining. During those four months, I stayed in nine different friends' apartments and houses, crashed on couches in living rooms and, when I was lucky, in private guest rooms. Then I was able to move into the spare room of an older couple, where I was able to stay for another full four months.

I was very uncomfortable going to traditional homeless shelters in both Birmingham and DC because, despite identifying as a binary trans man, such shelters are often gendered in the binary: If I were to go to a women’s shelter, I might be safer from assault, but I would get misgendered. If I were to go to a men’s shelter, it would be a little more affirming of my gender identity, but I would be vulnerable to assault.

I attempted to get help navigating the government safety net from local nonprofits in DC, such as SNAP, SSI, and housing programs, but they often had prerequisites to receive their full services. One local LGBTQ-affirming nonprofit, Whitman-Walker, required that I become a medical patient with them in order to receive their benefits navigation services. In order to become a medical patient, I needed health insurance. They were able to help me apply for Medicaid, but I still had to wait a month for a new patient appointment. To make matters more difficult for me, their benefits navigation department was walk-in only—and being autistic, I have a hard time going places without a scheduled time. I was also uneasy about handling the uncertainty of not knowing how long I would have to wait to see a benefits navigation staff member. Waiting around for undetermined amounts of time, regardless of length, gives me a lot of anxiety and can be overwhelming. But I was fearful to go elsewhere in DC because I was scared of being misgendered, and I was drained enough from trying to get help that I had little energy left to self-advocate with regards to my gender identity.

I have been able to stay relatively safe and housed because of my truly amazing support system, but I can only imagine how much more difficult a situation like mine can be, for people who don’t have the support system I have. It angers me when I hear elected officials talking about how it’s "too easy" to get government benefits, and then propose policies to make accessing benefits harder. We, as a community, need to challenge ourselves to do better, and for our elected officials to do better.

Wednesday, July 5, 2017

Ultra Testing: When Companies Actively Recruit Autistic Employees

M. Kelter

Ultra Testing is a New York-based tech firm that was founded on the idea of incorporating autistic differences into their work ethos. At a time when an estimated 80% of adults on the spectrum are unemployed, Ultra Testing is using attribute metrics and other non-traditional hiring practices to recruit autistic employees. A 2016 Recode article reported that 75% of the company's employee base identifies as being on the spectrum.

I recently communicated with the firm's co-founder, Art Shectman, about how the company began, the value of ditching traditional hiring practices, and what employers need to know about developing a neurodiverse workforce.

M: Regarding Ultra Testing's decision to focus on hiring autistic employees: can you describe the origins of this idea, both generally (how the idea came about), and specifically (how you actually went about recruiting and bringing in folks on the spectrum?)

Art Shectman | source: Twitter
[image: White man in dark suit jacket, posing in
front of a summer-foliage wisteria bush
Art Shectman: My co-founder Rajesh Anandan is my hero, my MIT schoolmate, and fraternity pledge brother. He's the one person I know who's chosen a path of philanthropic and foundational social impact work, and he works every day to make the world a better place. In his travels with UNICEF he saw many children and disabled folks discarded, and living very difficult lives. He had a theory on sustainable change, that if you could align the extra abilities that sometimes accompany disabilities with a competitive advantage, you could create a competitive business and a job creation engine.

We had dinner, and we're reviewing a list of disability, size of population and extra ability and possible career alignment. That list was compiled by a  strategy firm called STAX, run by our first supporter, Rafi Musher, a great philanthropist and impact investor. I saw Autism and Software getting on the list and as I also run a software engineering firm and buy QA services. I said "let's give it a try." Three days later, we hired some testers and gave it a rip, and the results were great. Then we set to work to operationalize that early success into a scalable repeatable differentiated service provider.

The recruiting process at first was to call GRASP and ASTEP for referrals. Over time, we've built a network of some 200 "nodes," where we hunt for talent on the spectrum. We have a community manager who is on the spectrum, and who helps us build that network out and helps us coordinate candidates.

Once we had a process for sourcing candidates, we had to build an attribute and simulation-based set of recruiting tasks that try to leverage the most current talent research—which mostly says traditional interviews are junk. It's been a unique challenge to make it all work, but really it is a system or set of behaviors around recruiting that would apply for neurotypical and neurodivergent folks alike.

M: Work places tend to develop a distinctive office culture over time, though if I understand correctly, Ultra Testing employees work remotely. Are people doing their jobs independently, or is it more of a cooperative, interactive scene?

Art: We have rich interactions every day with Engagement Managers, other testers and on our corporate Slack channels of all varieties. The culture is extremely interactive and collaborative.

M: Does Ultra Testing have an "office culture"? I wonder if this concept looks any different when many of your employees are autistic. If you could paint a picture of what it feels like to work at Ultra Testing on a daily basis, I would love to hear that.

Art: There is an amazingly rich corporate culture. It looks very much the same as any other culture, folks are serious, silly, insightful, and a whole host of other emotions that you might find anywhere else. Above all our team has a culture of collaboration over accommodation, and we are focused on creating a neurodiverse space where we embrace our differences. It's a fun and caring place to work. If we succeed we want people to have options of where to work, and to stay at ULTRA because it's a great place to work.

M: There are ongoing concerns in the autism community about the way the media presents any job for an autistic as a positive thing, regardless of whether or not the work is actually meaningful or valuable to the autistic employee. I think people are hoping to see more of an emphasis on good jobs, not just busywork that others may not want to do.

Art: I disagree to some degree here. I feel that there are a spectrum of jobs that are great fits for the spectrum of folks on the spectrum. Where do I agree is that there is a knee jerk concept of what those jobs should be (busywork).

While there are many jobs regardless of whether you are on the spectrum that are busy work, a job still brings empowerment and self-sufficiency in a way that being unemployed does not. There are neurodiverse folks who are happy to do all kinds of jobs. With 1MM or so folks on the spectrum who are readily employable, any job where an employer is embracing neurodiversity (not accommodating it), and where a candidate wants the job, and has a natural propensity to do that job, is a good job in my opinion.

I do take your point, and we fight the general media bias all the time. We created the DifferentBetter Challenge to try to shift the discussion to competitive advantage, and away from human interest, for many of the same reasons.

This is somewhat of a loaded question, and there's a personal bias there about "meaningful" and "fulfilling." However, that said, I'd agree that a person should have employment options and should be able to have a job that they find meaningful and fulfilling. Maybe I'll defer to a quote from a recent article about Ultra Testing:
"Now the fact of his employment has become routine for Cha. When asked whether he plans to stay on, he says, simply: “The work is interesting, and I like the people. As long as those two conditions apply, I will be here.”"
M: I know Ultra Testing does regular satisfaction checks with employees. Can you discuss that—why Ultra Testing decided to perform satisfaction checks, and how you ensure that they are meaningful and not just a token effort?

Art: We decided to do it because there is documented research on the productivity costs of team happiness, and how it pays to measure and track it. We've evolved our survey over the years to gauge the many facets of anxiety and job satisfaction that our teams have taught us are meaningful, through their survey responses.

The only way to ensure the responses are meaningful is to really care about them from the most senior level down, which we do, and then to make a culture and habit of responding to feedback. If the staff thinks feedback isn't heard or acted upon, they stop giving it. If they feel they don't have a sense of agency to impact their environment, they stop trying.

Most of our staff need to be coaxed out of their shell, and our super supportive and caring culture helps us do that. Many employees have had experiences where their differences were a source of stress, conflict and ridicule. It takes time to feel comfortable sharing and embracing differences, and realizing that we are all building the company together, and that their feedback is welcome.

M: I read that you tailor hiring practices to a variety of autistic differences (for example, you offer alternatives to traditional interviews, and do not emphasize a need for prior work experience). At first glance, these seem like genuinely beneficial practices that many businesses could replicate. Help me understand employer thinking about this. What are the barriers that would make it difficult for other companies to engage in similar efforts and find alternatives to old school hiring methods?

Art: Folks just can't let go of tradition, even when the research says people are terrible at interviews, and suffer nearly insurmountable first impression biases. It also takes work, measurement of data, and testing and learning and reconfiguring until you get to role-specific practices that help you recruit in non-traditional ways. Most bigger companies do this, but they haven't expanded their programs to include neurodiversity yet.

M: What would your advice be to other companies, about creating mutually beneficial spaces for autistic workers?

Art: Recruit for unbiased attributes that make an employee successful in the job. Then exercise and build collaboration over accommodation.

M: On a personal level, have you learned anything about autism from your experiences at Ultra Testing that you didn't know before? Popular culture generally offers a distorted view of what autism is really like, so I was wondering if your view of autism has evolved in any unexpected ways.

Art: It has, but I'm not qualified to have an opinion here. I would just say that I'm continually reminded that our original theory that our differences make us better remains true. I'd say my views on the power of a neurodiverse workforce are what have evolved the most, and it is a really powerful thing.